Dating the Birth of Jesus
Did a historical Jesus exist? The power of faith has so forcefully driven the minds of most believers, and even apologetic scholars, that the question of reliable evidence gets obscured by tradition, religious subterfuge, and outrageous claims. The following gives a brief outlook about the claims of a historical Jesus and why the evidence the Christians present us cannot serve as justification for reliable evidence for a historical Jesus. All claims about Jesus derive from writings of other people. There occurs no contemporary Roman record that shows Pontius Pilate executing a man named Jesus. Devastating to historians, there occurs not a single contemporary writing that mentions Jesus. All documents about Jesus came well after the life of the alleged Jesus from either: Although one can argue that many of these writings come from fraud or interpolations, I will use the information and dates to show that even if these sources did not come from interpolations, they could still not serve as reliable evidence for a historical Jesus, simply because all sources about Jesus derive from hearsay accounts. Hearsay means information derived from other people rather than on a witness’ own knowledge.
When Jesus was Born
Name[ change change source ] The name Jesus came from the Aramaic name “Yeshua”, from Hebrew Yah-shua, meaning “God is salvation or deliverance ” in English , and was a popular name of the time. Jesus is often called “Jesus Christ” or “Christ”. The word Christ comes from the Greek word christos and means “the one marked on the head with oil” or “the anointed one”.
The nativity of Jesus or birth of Jesus is described in the gospels of Luke and two accounts agree that Jesus was born in Bethlehem in the time of Herod the Great, that his mother Mary was married to Joseph, who was of Davidic descent and was not his biological father, and that his birth was effected by divine intervention, but the two gospels agree on little else.
Hello, I wonder if you could clarify something that has me puzzled. But Luke also wrote that Joseph and Mary had to go to Bethlehem for a census by Quirinius while she was still pregnant, and this event has been dated at 6 A. There have been no historical records to indicate that any Roman census was held prior to 6 A. I’ve done some research into this apparent discrepancy and have wondered if, perhaps, it was not actually Herod the Great, but one of his heirs apparent that was King at the time of Jesus’ birth.
But another thing that I discovered in my research is that the well-known historian, Josephus, never documented the slaughter of the innocents, even though he had written quite extensively about Herod the Great. It would seem that Josephus would write something about the mass slaughter of children. I must be missing some important issue and am sure hoping you can clear this up for me.
Thank you, Cheryl Hi Cheryl, Thanks so much for writing. This apparent mistake in Luke’s timeline has been raised many times over the years as proof of the fallibility of the Biblical accounts.
Reasons Christianity is False
Mithras is often represented as carrying a lamb on his shoulders, just as Jesus is. Midnight services were found in both religions. Petra, the sacred rock of Mithraism, became Peter, the foundation of the Christian Church. Itu derivative of Mitu or Mitra is considered as the Vegetation-deity. It is said that Mithra or [the] Sun took birth in the Cave on December 25th. He travelled far and wide.
The celestial signs reveal when Y’shua was born. The wise men or Magi saw these signs and interpreted them correctly. This set a precedent for the revelation of a chief sign of His coming again.
Christianity was not influenced by paganism A review and response to claims that Christianity was influenced by paganism and other religions. By Ray Konig About-Jesus. Christianity has been accused of borrowing from paganism virtually every important detail in the New Testament, including the virgin birth, the baptism, the Eucharist, the offer of salvation, the crucifixion, and the resurrection.
The implication is that Christianity does not come from God, but from a stew of pagan ideas and concepts. Many of the claims grew out of the 19th and 20th century works of Franz Cumont, James Frazer, and Kersey Graves, who continue to be influential among scholars and writers today who continue a tradition of: Using Christian terminology to describe pagan traditions, 2.
Then remarking on the alleged similarities, 3. And then claiming that Christianity copied from paganism. With this as an approach, any ancient tradition involving water could be described as a “baptism,” any pagan artwork depicting food and beverage could be characterized as a “Eucharist,” any tradition involving an unusual birth of a pagan deity could be framed as a “miraculous birth” or as a “virgin birth,” and any deity related to the agricultural cycle could be made into examples of “saviors” who “died” and were “resurrected.
The most commonly cited examples involve the traditions of Adonis, Dionysus, Krishna, Mithras and Osiris, that these pre-Christian deities supposedly had much in common with Jesus Christ. This article will review some of these ancient traditions, showing that they have not influenced the theology of Christianity or the “creation” of Jesus.
The Gospel of St. Luke provides several historical references that are helpful in determining Jesus’ birth year in Luke 1: In the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar’s reign, when Pontius Pilate was governor of Judaea, Herod tetrarch of Galilee, his brother Philip tetrarch of the territories of Ituraea and Trachonitis, Lysanias tetrarch of Abilene, and while the high-priesthood was held by Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came to John the son of Zechariah, in the desert Luke 3: The historical record can provide reliable dates for the most of the men mentioned in this passage:
CHAPTER 2. The Birth of Jesus. 1 * In those days a decree went out from Caesar Augustus * that the whole world should be enrolled. 2 This was the first enrollment, when Quirinius was governor of Syria. 3 So all went to be enrolled, each to his own town. 4 And Joseph too went up from Galilee from the town of Nazareth to Judea, to the city of David that is called Bethlehem, because he was of the.
Moreover, Satan the dragon tried to devour Him right after His birth at which time she fled into the wilderness to Egypt. Indeed, in my religious chronology , the day on which Mary and Joseph fled to Egypt to save Jesus from the slaughter of the infants was the day 1 Dragon on the Sacred Round calendar.
Not all details have obvious interpretations, but there seems to be enough merit in this suggestion to pursue it, especially in the light of the suggestion that this prophecy might have multiple fulfillments, whereas the Prophet Joseph may have been emphasizing the least obvious. Heralding the year of Christ’s birth Click to enlarge Many Christian researchers feel that because the constellation can represent Mary and the revelation is about her bringing forth a man child that it must be telling us that Jesus Christ was born on 1 Tishri usually in September in some year around BC when most scholars believe He was born.
Those who follow this line of reasoning usually conclude that Christ was born in the autumn of 2 BC because that is the only possible birth year in which the sun and moon are in the indicated locations see Figure 4. Let us look at this possibility in more detail. For example, the positions of the feet of the Maiden are correct, which is essential when evaluating whether or not the moon is under her feet. Note that the exact wording of the prophecy is important.
For example, we may imagine that “under her feet” means what is shown in Figure 1, that the woman stands upon the moon. But in the heavens, the moon usually travels on a path below both of the Maiden’s feet, which are indicated by the stars at the ends of the stick figure legs. So even though she does not appear to be standing on the moon, the moon’s position is still an acceptable, even if not ideal, interpretation of the prophecy.
Looking at the full figure something else shows up.
What did Jesus look like
The term Yule is of disputed origin. It is unconnected with any word meaning “wheel”. The name in Anglo-Saxon was geol, feast: Icelandic iol a feast in December. Early celebration Christmas was not among the earliest festivals of the Church.
According to the Bible, God killed or authorized the killings of up to 25 million people. This is the God of which Jesus was an integral part.
The Birth of Jesus: Two Gospel Narratives Breadcrumb navigation: Transcript The Dating of the Gospels This slide graphically presents some important first-century dates and events, including the writing of and relationships among the Gospels. The earliest New Testament books, the letters written by Paul, were composed in the decade of the 50s. In the mid s, James, Peter, and Paul are all killed. Peter and Paul likely perished during the persecution of the church in Rome by Nero.
The deaths of these important church leaders likely encouraged the writing down of narratives about Jesus.
What Year was Jesus Born
History[ edit ] The Anno Domini dating system was devised in by Dionysius Exiguus to enumerate the years in his Easter table. His system was to replace the Diocletian era that had been used in an old Easter table because he did not wish to continue the memory of a tyrant who persecuted Christians. When he devised his table, Julian calendar years were identified by naming the consuls who held office that year—he himself stated that the “present year” was “the consulship of Probus Junior “, which was years “since the incarnation of our Lord Jesus Christ”.
Christianity was not influenced by paganism A review and response to claims that Christianity was influenced by paganism and other religions. By Ray Konig |
In general, the theology and history of Mary the Mother of God follow the chronological order of their respective sources, i. Jerome  maintains that the Hebrew verb has the meaning of “crushing” or “bruising” rather than of “lying in wait”, “guarding”. Still in his own work, which became the Latin Vulgate , the saint employs the verb “to crush” conterere in the first place, and “to lie in wait” insidiari in the second. Hence the punishment inflicted on the serpent and the serpent’s retaliation are expressed by the same verb: According to our version, and the Vulgate reading, the woman herself will win the victory; according to the Hebrew text , she will be victorious through her seed.
The reading “she” ipsa is neither an intentional corruption of the original text, nor is it an accidental error ; it is rather an explanatory version expressing explicitly the fact of Our Lady’s part in the victory over the serpent , which is contained implicitly in the Hebrew original. The strength of the Christian tradition as to Mary’s share in this victory may be inferred from the retention of “she” in St. Jerome’s version in spite of his acquaintance with the original text and with the reading “he” ipse in the old Latin version.
As it is quite commonly admitted that the Divine judgment is directed not so much against the serpent as against the originator of sin , the seed of the serpent denotes the followers of the serpent , the “brood of vipers”, the “generation of vipers”, those whose father is the Devil , the children of evil , imitando, non nascendo Augustine. But seed not only may denote a particular person , but has such a meaning usually, if the context allows it.
He saith not, and to his seeds, as of many; but as of one, and to his seed, which is Christ “. Finally the expression “the woman ” in the clause “I will put enmities between thee and the woman ” is a literal version of the Hebrew text.
Part 2 of this article will discuss how the timing of the Lord’s death and resurrection had been foreshadowed in the Passover ceremony, which becomes a doctrinal argument in the discussion. Pratt has a Ph. He is the father of five children and is Sunday School president in his Kaysville, Utah, ward. Notes It should be noted that the conclusions in this article are based on scriptures, historical sources, and astronomy, in all of which there are elements of uncertainty.
In which year was Jesus born? While this is sometimes debated, the majority of New Testament scholars place Jesus’ birth in 4 B.C. or before. This is because most date the death of King Herod the Great to 4 B.C. Since Herod played a major role in the narrative of Jesus’ birth (see Matthew 2.
The Circumcision and Naming of Jesus. She was advanced in years, having lived seven years with her husband after her marriage, 37and then as a widow until she was eighty-four. She never left the temple, but worshiped night and day with fasting and prayer. Your father and I have been looking for you with great anxiety. Sulpicius Quirinius became legate of the province of Syria in A. At that time, a provincial census of Judea was taken up. If Quirinius had been legate of Syria previously, it would have to have been before 10 B.
A previous legateship after 4 B. It is not by chance that Luke relates the birth of Jesus to the time of Caesar Augustus: Rome, Italy, and the Roman provinces. It is a legal description indicating that Jesus possessed the rights and privileges of the firstborn son Gn 27 ; Ex See notes on Mt 1: Wrapped him in swaddling clothes:
Chapter 5: The Time of Jesus’ Birth
The date of Jesus’ birth cannot be placed with certainty. One must do a little historical detective work to sort out the biblical references. This is assisted by Luke who mentions certain personages whose history is known. First among these is Herod the Great, King of Judea. This corresponds to the year A.
The prophecy of a woman clothed with the sun and the moon under her feet may refer to rare celestial signs of the Feast of Trumpets in 2 BC, , and , which herald the future birth of her son.
This discovery adds significantly to our understanding of Jesus, his earliest followers, and the birth of Christianity. In this book we reveal reliable archaeological evidence that is directly connected to Jesus’ first followers, those who knew him personally and to Jesus himself. The discovery provides the earliest archaeological evidence of faith in Jesus’ resurrection from the dead, the first witness to a saying of Jesus that predates even the writing of our New Testament gospels, and the earliest example of Christian art, all found in a sealed tomb dated to the 1st century CE.
We refer to this tomb as the Patio tomb, since it is now located beneath an apartment patio, eight feet under the basement of a condominium complex. Such juxtapositions of modernity and antiquity are not unusual in Jerusalem, where construction must often be halted to rescue and excavate tombs from ancient times. The Patio tomb was first uncovered by construction work in in East Talpiot, a suburb of Jerusalem less than two miles south of the Old City.
Our discoveries also provide precious new evidence for evaluating the Jesus son of Joseph’s tomb, discovered a year earlier, which made international headlines in We refer to this tomb as the Garden tomb, since it is now situated beneath a garden area in the same condominium complex. These two tombs, both dating to around the time of Jesus, are less than two hundred feet apart.